Market Commentary – July 2020
The MSCI UK All Cap NR index returned +9.4% during the three months to the end of June, whilst the MSCI World ex UK (£) NR index returned +20.4% in Sterling terms. Equity markets recovered a significant amount of the ground lost during the precipitous decline in asset prices observed during the first quarter of the year. The collapse was triggered by a sudden realisation that the economic impacts of the policies enacted to restrain the COVID-19 virus outbreak would result in a deep recession, the scale of which could challenge the debt-based capitalist economic system. However, policy makers were swift to announce enormous economic support packages, both fiscal and monetary. These, alongside the easing of lockdown restrictions in many jurisdictions and positive incremental news concerning the extraordinary effort being applied to develop possible vaccines, helped improve investor confidence during the period under review.
In Sterling terms, most major regional equity markets returned between +17% and +22%, the exceptions being the UK (see above) and Japanese markets (MSCI Japan NR (£) Index, +12.0%). The American equity market provided the strongest return (MSCI USA NR (£) Index, +22.0%), aided by the index’s significant exposure to technology and pharmaceutical stocks.
The UK equity market return was impacted by the index’s significant exposure to energy and financial stocks (which, in share price terms, have lagged the recovery seen in other sectors), the persistence of COVID-19 within the population and concerns regarding the outcome of Brexit negotiations.
Despite the more positive investment environment, Gilts continued to perform well producing a positive return (iShares Core UK Gilts ETF, +2.4%) as investors anticipated further policy announcements which would support government bond prices. Investment grade debt rebounded strongly as credit spreads narrowed following the announcement that the Federal Reserve would support corporate debt markets (iShares Core £ Corporate Bond ETF, +9.6%). ‘Riskier’ high yield debt also produced a strong positive return but interestingly, given the seemingly more ‘risk on’ environment, marginally underperformed investment grade debt (iShares Global High Yield GBP Hedged ETF, +9.4%).
The Brent crude oil price ended the quarter at $41.2/barrel, an increase of 80.1% since the end of March. The hard stop to global economic activity has seen a collapse in demand for oil products, however production cuts and an incremental relaxation of economic lockdowns has helped the oil price recover somewhat.
In the three months to the end of June, the gold price rose 12.9% to $1781/oz. Sterling weakness versus the US Dollar boosted returns marginally such that the value of gold held by UK based investors rose by 13.5% (to £1,443/oz).